Nepal is a country of amazing extremes. From the world's highest mountains to temperate Alpine valleys down to tropical plains and jungles, all encompassed within a distance of 150 odd kilometers. The Himalaya vista; centuries old culture of the hill-folks and the wildlife of the Terai perhaps epitomizes thbe diversity of what Nepal has to offer.
In Kathmandu , to cross a street is to travel across centuries. Shrines, temples, palaces, palace squares, ageless sculptures and legends that are parts of every brick and stone and gilded masterpiece, make Kathmandu Valley a verifiable living museum.
Nepal extends about 885 km from east to west and up to 241 km from north to south, covering an area of 147,818 square kilometers. Closed in between India and China , it divides itself into four climatic and geographic zones: Terai, Siwaliks, Mahabharat Lekhs and Pahar, the high Himalaya . The Terai, downland in the south of Nepal is part of the Ganga plains, once densely forested with a subtropical climate. More than 450 varieties of birds and found here, as well as famous animals like tigers, leopards, buffalo, elephants, gharial, and rhinos. The jungles are covered mainly with Sal trees and Elephant grass. The inflow of immigrants from other (hilly) parts in the last 30 years and the simultaneous growth of the population has reduced the jungles. More than 10 million Nepali are settled in the Terai. But here we can see also the tectonic work of the great earth plates, in fact here the Indian subcontinent “crashes” with the Asiatic plate, creating all other following zones and many earthquakes. Flooded every year by the rivers during monsoon, the Terai is highly fertile. There are also many industries that have settled here.
The country can be divided into three main geographic regions:
Himalayan Region: The altitude of this region ranges between 4877 meters and 8848 meters with the snow line running around 4884 meters. It includes eight of the 14 summits in the world which exceed an altitude of 8000 meters. They represent: (1) Sagarmatha ( Mt. Everest ) 8848 m, (3) Kangchenjunga – 8586 m, (4) Lohtse – 8516 m, (5) Makalu – 8463 m, (6) Cho-Oyu – 8201 m, (7) Dhaulagiri – 8167 m, (8) Manaslu – 8163 m, and (10) Annapurna – 8091 m.
Mountain Region: This region accounts for about 64 percent of the total land area. The Mahabharat range that rises to 4877 meters forms the region. To its south lies the lower Churia range whose altitude varies from 610 meters to 1524 meters.
Terai Region: The low-land Terai region which has a width of about 26 to 32 kilometres and a maximum altitude of 305 meters, occupies about 17% of total land area of the country. Kechanakawal, the lowest point of the country with an altitude of 70 meters, lies in Jhapa District of the Eastern Terai .
Area: 147,181 sq. Kilometers.
Location: Situated between China in the north and India in the south, East and West.
Capital : Kathmandu.
Population: 27.1 Million.
People & Religion: 40 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages & Hinduism and Buddhism
Altitude: 60 meters from sea level to highest 8,848 meters.
Language: Nepali is the national language. However travel-trade and educated people understand and speak English as well.
Political System: Multi-party Democracy.
Climate: Nepal has four major seasons namely;
(1) Winter: December – February,
(2) Spring: March – May,
( 3) Summer: June – August,
(4) Autumn: September – November. Nepal can be visited the whole year round.
Time: Nepal Time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead of Indian standard time.
Trekking --- Peak Climbing ------ Tour ------Popular Destination